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SECTION 7
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS - ACCIDENT ON CAMPUS FOR RADIOACTIVE
SHIPMENTS AND/OR DELIVERIES

I. Radioactive materials are periodically delivered to the nuclear medicine laboratory. These procedures should be followed when a delivery package is damaged or when abnormal radiation conditions are suspected:

A. During a delivery the Campus Safety & Security officer who escorts the courier into the laboratory will visually inspect the package. If the package is damaged, wet, or crushed it must not be accepted. The Campus Safety & Security officer will never handle any delivery.

B. If at any time abnormal radiation conditions are suspected, the Campus Safety & Security officer will not remain in the department and will immediately contact the Director of Nuclear Medicine and the Director of Campus Safety & Security. The Campus Safety & Security officer will maintain a safe area around the department until qualified personnel arrive.

C. The Director of Nuclear Medicine will proceed as trained and will notify the appropriate authorities.

Emergency phone numbers and procedures are posted in the office of the Director of Nuclear Medicine.

D. Emergency Phone Numbers:

Director of Nuclear Medicine Program:
Angela Macci Office: 243-2387 Home: (412) 745-3878

If director cannot be reached:

Clinical Coordinator, Nuclear Medicine:
Sherri Stecker Office: 243-2387 Home: (724) 225-3254

If neither party can be reached, consult with the Nuclear Medicine Department at local hospitals:

Wheeling Medical Park 243-3000
O.V.M.C. 234-0123

Other numbers:
Couriers:
Mallinkrodt 1-412-281-2400
Syncor 1-800-878-2833

Nuclear Regulatory Commission
24 hour Operational Center: 1-301-951-0550
Region 2 - Atlanta, Georgia: 1-404-331-4503

II. If there should be an accident in the vicinity of campus involving a vehicle that is transporting radioactive materials, the following procedures should be consulted.

These procedures have been compiled by the independent companies who are carriers of radioactive materials.

The two companies making deliveries to Wheeling Jesuit University are Syncor and Mallinkrodt, and their separate procedures follow.

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES FOR SYNCOR RADIOACTIVE DELIVERIES
1-800-878-2833

EMERGENCY INVOLVING MOTOR VEHICLES
ACTING AS CARRIERS OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

Because of the nature of these kinds of emergencies, the following is a completely self-contained set of instructions that will be carried in every vehicle used while transporting radioactive substances. These instructions are to be read and followed by all personnel in the event of an emergency.

A. Immediate notification is to be given by telephoning the following in order: Local Police and/or Highway Patrol, Radiation Protection Officer. The caller must relate his/her name, location, what happened, when, where, who was involved, and what was done to confine or control the radioactive material and keep bystanders away while calls are being made.

*1. PHONE NUMBERS: POLICE 9-1-1 FIRE DEPT. 9-1-1

*2. NUCLEAR PHARMACIST (Radiation Protection Officer) or on-call:

OFFICE: 412-261-6200 HOME: 412-364-0979

ANSWERING SERVICE: 412-261-6200


B. All traffic should be detoured around the scene of the accident. If this is not possible, vehicles should be moved the shortest distance necessary to clear the right-of-way. If radioactive material is spilled, passage through areas should be prevented unless absolutely necessary. If the right-of-way must be cleared before assistance has arrived, the spill should be washed to shoulders of right-of-way with minimum dispersal of wash water, or covered with at least 4 inches of earth or sand.

C. If radioactivity has escaped its primary container, the nearest Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office should be notified as soon as possible.

PHONE: NRC 24 hour Operational Center -
301-951-0550

D. The area of the accident should be restricted. The public should be kept as far from the scene as is practical. Local authorities should make only necessary entries and investigations into the accident area. No attempt should be made to open or examine contained material. No attempt should be made to clean up any debris or material involved in the accident prior to the arrival of experienced help.


E. Any persons who have had possible contact with the radioactive material should be segregated and confined until they can be examined further. The names and addressed of those involved should be obtained.

F. Contaminated injured should be removed from the area of the accident with as little contact as possible and held at a transfer point. All life-saving measures should be performed promptly, but elective first aid and surgical procedures should be delayed until advised or help can be obtained from a physician familiar with radiation medicine. Except in extreme emergency, patients should not be moved to local hospital or doctor's office before a radiological survey has been made.

G. If the accident involves fire, attempts to extinguish it should be made from as great a distance as possible. The fire should be treated as one involving toxic chemicals. Suspected material should not be handled until it has been monitored and releases by monitoring personnel. Clothing and tools used at the fire should be segregated until the monitoring teams can check them.

H. Eating, drinking, or smoking in the area of the accident should be prohibited. Food or drinking water that may have come in contact with material from the accident should not be used.

I. Careful attention and considerations should be given
in matters of public relations to:

1. Transmission of information to the public
by press, radio, television and

2. Tactful handling of volunteers and crowds
or curious onlookers.

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES FOR MALLINKRODT
1-412-281-2400

EMERGENCIES INVOLVING MOTOR VEHICLES
ACTING AS CARRIERS OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

Because of the nature of these kinds of emergencies, the following is a complete sample of a self-contained set of instructions that will be carried in every vehicle used while transporting radioactive substances. These instructions are to be read and followed by all personnel in the event of an emergency.

A. Driver is to take the following immediate action:

1. Do not touch any open or broken containers.
2. Call the pharmacy immediately. If you must use a telephone to notify the pharmacy, if possible, have someone maintain security over the vehicle and radioactive material and keep bystanders away while calls are being made.
3. Keep all people away from the radioactive material.
4. Stay at the scene until a Mallinkrodt
Radiopharmaceutical Company representative arrives.

B. Pharmacist is to take the following immediate action:

1. Notify Radiation Safety Officer of the accident.
2. Dispatch car with qualified person to assist the driver. Take emergency kit including monitor.
3. If the spill meets the criteria in CFR Title 10 Section 20.403, or applicable agreement state regulation, notify the NRC, Region I Office any time or applicable State agency.

C. All traffic should be detoured around the scene of an accident. If this is not possible, vehicles should be moved the shortest distance necessary to clear the right-of-way. If radioactive material is spilled, passage through areas should be prevented unless absolutely necessary. If the right-of-way must be cleared before assistance has arrived, the spill should be washed to shoulders of right-of-way with minimum dispersal of wash water, or covered with at least four inches of earth or sand.

D. The nearest Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office should be notified as soon as possible.

E. If the accident involves wreckage and a person is believed to be alive and entrapped, every possible effort should be made to rescue him/her.

F. The area of the accident should be restricted. The public should be kept as far from the scene as is practicable. Local authorities should make only necessary entries and investigations into the accident area. No attempt should be made to open or examine contained material. No attempt should be made to clean up any debris or material involved in the accident prior to the arrival or experienced help.

G. Any persons who have had possible contact with the radioactive material should be segregated and confined until they can be examined further. The names and addresses of those involved should be obtained.

H. The injured should be removed from the area of the accident with as little contact as possible and held at a transfer point. All life-saving measures should be performed promptly, but elective first aid and surgical procedures should be delayed until advice or help can be obtained from a physician familiar with radiation medicine. Except in extreme emergency, patients should not be moved to local hospital or doctor's office before a radiological survey has been made.

I. If the accident involves fire, attempt to extinguish it should be made from as great a distance as possible. The fire should be treated as one involving toxic chemicals. Suspected material should not be handled until it has been monitored and releases by monitoring personnel. Clothing and tools used at the fire should be segregated until they can be checked by the monitoring teams.

J. Eating, drinking, or smoking in the area of the accident should be prohibited. Food or drinking water that may have been in contact with material from the accident should not be used.

K. Careful attention and consideration should be given in matters of public relations to:

1. Transmission of information to the public by press, radio, and television, and

2. Tactful handling of volunteers and crowds of curious onlookers.


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