Dr. James E. Coffield
Ph.D. Analytical Chemistry, December 1989. The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.
B.S. Chemistry, June 1983. The University of the South, Sewanee, TN.
Reduction of Aromatic Compounds in Basic Chloroaluminate Melts: The study of the mechanism and kinetics of the decay of aromatic radical anions in room temperature, chloroaluminate melts. This included the development of a microprocessor-operated spectroelectrochemical apparatus based on the mutual interfacing of an OMA-3 diode array spectrometer, a PAR Model 273 potentiostat and an inert atmosphere glove box. Fiber optics were used extensively in this work.
May 2001 - August 2001
NASA-ASEE Summer Research Fellowship. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. Investigation of High Iridium Concentrations in Carboniferous Rock Samples Using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (NASA Colleague - Dr. Marilyn M. Lindstrom, Astromaterials Research Office).
- Impact processes played a crucial role in the early evolution of our planet and, though considerably less frequent, are still of great importance today. Understanding the history of impact processes on Earth, in particular their role in the development and evolution of life on Earth, is one of the significant questions confronting mankind at the beginning of the 21st century. Obvious evidence of major impacts, such as visible craters, provide only a slight glimpse at these powerful events. Other indicators of impact events, such as elevated siderophile concentrations, are at times ambiguous and difficult to interpret. Adding to the understanding of the effectiveness (and limitations) of the use of elevated siderophiles as an indicator of impact events, as well as elucidating other process that can produce similar results, was the goal of this research.
December 1996 - present
Research Associate/Curriculum Writer. Center for Educational Technologies, NASA Classroom of the Future, Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia. Development of science curricula for multimedia-based educational material.
- International Space Station Challenge Web Site – Programmer / Curriculum writer/Content expert
- Wrote articles and activities for use on the website
- Acted as science content expert for topics including the International Space Station design, orbital mechanics, microgravity research, physics, biology and advanced life support
- Astronomy Village: Investigating the Solar System project – Lead programmer/Curriculum writer/Content expert
- Enhanced user interface for the software
- Wrote articles and activities for use with the software
- Acted as science content expert for topics including the search for life in the solar system, remote sensing of chlorophyll using near-IR, the possible existence of liquid water on other planets based on temperature and pressure data, and the study of
planetary processes that might have shaped Pluto's surface
- BioBLAST project – Curriculum writer / Content expert
- Developed mathematical models for use in the computer based advanced life-support simulators
- Wrote articles and activities for use with the software
- Acted as science content expert for material involving the chemistry and material balance of advanced life-support and resource recycling systems
- ExoQuest project – Curriculum writer / Content expert
- Wrote articles and activities for use with the software.
- Acted as science content expert for astrobiology topics including the search for water in the solar system. Measuring tides on Europa using laser altimetry, use of interferometry for the detection of extrasolar planets, and the NASA Viking Lander biology experiments
- Integrated Math, Science, and Technology workshop – Lead teacher for an intensive two-week course on the effective use of technology in the classroom.
- NASA Sharp Plus Program – Acted as mentor for a visiting high school student during the 8-week summer program, The student was involved in setting up and characterizing a new, miniature, fiber-optic spectrometer and applying it to toe study of chlorophyll in plant leaves.
May 1996 - August 1996
Adjunct Faculty. Jefferson Community College, Steubenville, Ohio. Teaching duties:
General Chemistry lecture and lab.
August 1995 - May 1996
Visiting Assistant Professor. Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia.
Teaching duties: General Chemistry, Quantitative Analysis and Instrumental Analysis.
September 1993 - July 1995
Laboratory Manager. Tra-Det Laboratory Inc., Wheeling, West Virginia. Duties included consulting on special projects in the coal/water lab, environmental monitoring, EPA certification, marketing and quality control.
September 1989 - August 1993
Post-Doctoral Research Associate. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,
Tennessee. Development of on-line fiber optic and electrochemical sensors for monitoring the electrolytic production of magnesium metal from high temperature molten salt mixtures.
August 1992 - May 1993
Adjunct Faculty. Pellissippi State Technical Community College, Knoxville, Tennessee. Teaching duties: Organic chemistry lab.
July 1989 - August 1989
Consultant. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Study of chloranil reduction in inorganic chloroaluminate melts. Training a graduate student on the operation of rapid scanning, fiber-optic based spectroelectrochemical equipment.
January 1984 - June 1989
Graduate Research Assistant. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee - Dissertation research. University of Tennessee, Knoxville Tennessee - Design and construction of a fiber optic based spectroelectrochemical apparatus for high temperature work on air-sensitive compounds.
August 3-15, 1986
Participant. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Molten Salt Chemistry, Camarino, Italy.
September 1983 - September 1987
January 1989 - June 1989
Graduate Teaching Assistant. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. Teaching duties: General Chemistry and Advanced -Chemical Instrumentation.
Extensive experience in fast (diode array) UV-VIS spectroscopy, fiber optics, electrochemical methods, spectroelectrochemistry, computer programming, computer interfacing, controlled atmosphere (dry-box) and vacuum techniques. Knowledgeable in instrumental neutron activation analysis, electronics, Raman spectroscopy, HPLC and GC.
- J. E. Coffield, M. Urdiales, M. M. Lindstrom, G. K. Merrill, D. W. Mittlefehldt, M. Lee, J. D. Robertson, B. J. Higgins, and J. R. Kyger, "Investigation of Possible Causes for the Presence of High Iridium Concentrations in Sedimentary Rock Samples From the Mississippian-Pennsylvanian Boundary," 33rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, TX, presented March 2002.
- J. E. Coffield, “Math, Modeling, and Materials Management: An Introduction to Design,” 7th Annual International Space Station Educators Conference, Houston, Texas, presented February 2001.
- J. E. Coffield, M. V. Cummings, “NASA Advanced Life Support Calculations Using BioBLAST,” National Science Teachers Association – National Convention, St. Louis, Missouri, presented March 2001.
- J. E. Coffield, M. V. Cummings, “BioBLAST: An inquiry-based approach to biology using computer simulations and NASA data,” National Science Teachers Association – National Convention, Boston, Massachusetts, presented April 1999.
- J. E. Coffield. V. Cummings, J. Hornyak, L. Ruberg, “Integrating Computational Chemistry, Scientific Research, and Technology in the Secondary School Classroom,” National Science Teachers Association – National Convention, Las Vegas Nevada, presented April 1998.
- J. E. Coffield, S. Dai, J. P. Young and G. Mamantov, "Analysis of Fluoride in Molten Salt Mixtures Using Microwave Digestion," Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Energy Technology, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, presented October 1993.
- J. E. Coffield, G. Mamantov, S. Dai, G. Mamantov, G. M. Begun and J. P. Young, "Development of Raman Fiber Optic Probes for Hostile Environments," 202nd National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, New York, New York, presented August 1991.
- J. E. Coffield, G. P. Smith, S. P. Zingg and G. Mamantov, "Reduction of Aromatics in Basic Chloroaluminate Melts," 40th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlanta, Georgia, presented November 1988.